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Table of Contents
How to add a title
You can add a title at the beginning of your masterpiece using the titler, a plugin that you can find hidden among the Video Effects in the Resources window (Title).
To watch you title realtime in the Compositor click on the timebar to set the insertion point inside the area covered by the effect. If the titler dialog box is covering the Compositor, move it over the Viewer by dragging the window’s top bar.
You can modify the length of the title by lengthening the brow bar.
Click on the square-in-square last button on the left side of the Compositor window ("Show safe regions" tooltip). It shows a double outline on the Compositor. This is just a reference to help you keeping the titles inside the visible area on a TV screen (yes, TV screens crop the image).
Titles have many adjustable parameters:
The default font colour is black. You can change colour by clicking on Color… and opening the Color picker dialog box. For white titles, set the Value slider to maximum. Keep all the other sliders to minimum.
Font, Syze, Style
You can change also the Font, the Size and the Style of the title.
You can change the position of the title with the Justify buttons.You can adjust that position with X and Y. Use the tumblers or enter the number directly in the text fields.
By default the title has a shadow dropped. You can change the distance of the shadow increasing or decreasing the number in the Drop shadows field. 0 has no shadow at all.
You can make the title fade in and fade out. Enter in the Fade in (sec) or in the Fade out (sec) fields the amount of time you want the fading to last.
How to add scrolling credits
At the end of your movie you probably want to add scrolling credits, that are a special kind of titles.
Prepare a title following the above howto.
To preview the scrolling credits in the Compositor set the insertion point at the beginning of the tile bar. You won’t see the credits but they are ready to appear. Drag the knob of the Compositor slider to quickly move forward in time. Check that the length of the title bar is appropriate to show the whole text. If not, adjust the length of the effect.
How to add fonts to the titler
As you can see the titler offers a limited set of fonts. Your system has much more fonts installed.
You can have a look at some of them with the command:
Some other fonts are freely available on the web. They are often downloadable as an archive and need to be estracted first. Just rigth click with your mouse and select Estract here.
Cinelerra can’t use these fonts directly. You have to feed Cinelerra with them first. Here is the recipe, tested with True Type Fonts (TTF) only.
Bugs and workarounds
1023 characters limit
The titler text field has a capacity of 1023 characters. If you go over that limit… it won’t pass unnoticed (see bug 155 to know more). Basically you’ll get crazy behaviour and eventually a crash.
In the event of a crash, open Cinelerra again and, as first operation, go to File → Load backup to restore your project. Save it without opening the titler dialog box.
Waiting for the bug to be fixed, you need a workaround. Here you can find two.
1 GUI workaround
It’s not possible to recover credits gone wild using the GUI. You have to follow the recipe of workaround #2 and use a text editor.
To make new credits (longer-than-1023-characters) you can spread your text in more than one Title effect.
Either you are a genius and can stop writing your credits in the titler before the 1024th character or you write your credits in a text editor first.
To be sure to stay below the 1023-characters limit you can use the feature present in most text editors. In Text Editor/gedit the Tools menu has a Document Statistic entry four counting the characters used in the file. You’ll end up with several 1000 characters text files.
To join smoothly two scrolling credits the effects must slightly overlap.
2 Text-mode workaround
To recover credits gone wild you have to work outside the titler text field, editing directly the EDL, that is an XML text file. Don’t be scared, it’s easier than it looks.
</PLUGIN> <PLUGIN LENGTH="404" TYPE="1" TITLE="Title"> <IN></IN><OUT></OUT><SHOW></SHOW><ON></ON>
<KEYFRAME POSITION="0" DEFAULT="1"><TITLE FONT="fixed" ENCODING="ISO8859-1" STYLE="0" SIZE="24" COLOR="0" COLOR_STROKE="16711680" STROKE_WIDTH="1" MOTION_STRATEGY="1" LOOP="0" PIXELS_PER_SECOND="80" HJUSTIFICATION="1" VJUSTIFICATION="1" FADE_IN="0" FADE_OUT="0" TITLE_X="0" TITLE_Y="0" DROPSHADOW="0" TIMECODE="0" TIMECODEFORMAT="h:mm:ss:ff">
Thanks to GRANDPA MOLLY POLLY DOLLY SILLY</TITLE>
Do not open the titler dialog box for this effect unless you want Cinelerra to crash again. For modifying the longer-than-1023-characters text edit only the XML file in a text editor.
To make new credits (longer-than-1023-characters) first use the titler with a short sample of your credits, so you can easily set the title attributes. Then add the remaining part of your credits editing the XML file in a text editor, as described above. Speed can be easily tweaked editing the XML in the text editor too.
Copy and paste
The titler doesn’t support keyboard shortcuts Ctrl+Ins for copying, Shift+Ins for pasting and _Shift-Del for cutting. See bug 509
Use only Ctr+C for copying, Ctrl-V for pasting and Ctrl-X for cutting.
The titler does support mouse copy and paste (dragging/highlighting for copying, middle button or wheel click for pasting). But it supports a bug too (see bug 508):
After pasting, very often the title is visible in the text field but not in the
Compositor. If you close the titler and open it again, the text has gone.